To the Jews
By no means is this meant to be an attack on Judaism by a Christian, we love God’s chosen nation Israel just as we love unbelievers, and want them to know the peace of God which passes all understanding (Philippians 4:7). On contrary, this is in defence of the faith delivered to the saints, against those who would attack the Lord Jesus Christ’s deity, and to convenience those who are either unaware or denying Him.
Your salvation and where you spend eternity depends on the claims who the Lord Jesus said He is. The Son of God, Saviour of the world. My attention is to reason through the scriptures (Acts 17:2), to persuade followers of Judaism to deeply consider the most important question of all time. Who is Jesus?
Who are the Jews?
According to God’s word the Jewish people can be traced back to the patriarchs Abraham, his son Isaac, Isaac’s son Jacob who dwelled in Canaan. The Twelve Tribes derive from the twelve sons of Jacob (Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph (Manasseh, Ephraim), Benjamin).
The Law (10 Commandments)
Judaism holds to the law (Torah) which is God’s commandments given to Moses on Mt. Sinai, the 10 commandments. Christians also affirm the law given to Moses. The Law serves as instructions given to the nation of Israel. The law shows forth God’s Holy moral character in contrast to our unholy character as fallible mankind. This is paramount to understand first because the law has a purpose. God gave the law to the nation of Israel for them to see how unrighteous they truly are; just as all men are.
The Jewish Concept of the Messiah and the Christian response
What do Jews believe of the Messiah? What would be the Jewish claims be regarding the Messiah? And how do we as Christians respond to the denial of who the Lord Jesus Christ is? Do the scriptures both Old and New Testament harmonize in showing us God’s revelation of His Son to us? The scriptures speak for themselves and will answer those questions purposed.
Jewish view: The word “Messiah” is an English rendering of the Hebrew word “Mashiach”, whose translation is “Anointed”. It usually refers to a person initiated into God’s service by being anointed with oil. (Having oil poured on his head. Exodus 29:7, I Kings 1:39, II Kings 9:3).
Exodus 29:7 “Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.”
1 Kings 1:39 “And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, God save king Solomon.”
2 Kings 9:3 “Then take the box of oil, and pour it on his head, and say, Thus saith the LORD, I have anointed thee king over Israel. Then open the door, and flee, and tarry not.”
Christians view: we affirm the Hebrew scriptures and believe David was anointed by Samuel (1 Samuel 16:13) to be king, David was not only king of Israel but was a type as there are many types in the Old Testament pointing to Jesus Christ. David also functioned at times as a priestly king. Instances when eating the shewbread (lawful to eat for the priests) and serving up prayers to God (the book of Psalms).
The problem lies in the fact that Jews don’t believe the New Testament as God’s Holy word. They’re lead to believe only the Old Testament (by rabbi’s) in which they prefer to call it the testament, is the only word God gave us.
The Lord Jesus is The Anointed One He came to the people of Israel fulfilling the Old Testament scriptures concerning Himself. He was rejected by His people and they raged against Him trying to “break their bands ” looking to break the bands of the Father and Son.
Psalms 2:1–3 “Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.”
Acts 10:38 “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.”
Christ Jesus was Anointed when the Holy Spirit came upon Him as a dove and remained upon Him. As we then get confirmation from the voice from Heaven saying: “…This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” — Matthew 3:17.
Matthew 3:16 “And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:”
Mark 1:9–11 “And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: And there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
Luke 3:22 “And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.”
The Anointed One
Jewish view: There are many Messiahs in the Bible. Since every king and High Priest was anointed with oil, each may be referred to as “an anointed one” (a Mashiach or a Messiah). For example: “God forbid that I [David] should stretch out my hand against the Lord’s Messiah [Saul]…” (1 Samuel 26:11. 2 Samuel 23:1, Isaiah 45:1, Psalms 20:6).
Christian view: While king Saul and king David were anointed they were not The Anointed One. The book of Hebrews shows a dialogue between God the Father and God the Son. Jesus Christ always existed from eternity to eternity as the Word which speaks to His deity and according to this verse He was anointed above thy fellows.
Hebrews 1:8,9 “But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.”
Many scriptures in the Old Testament point to the Lord Jesus, God’s ways are not carnal (fleshly), they’re spiritual. Hence the reason Jews cannot understand and don’t see these spiritual truths in the scriptures (Isaiah 6:10, Matthew 13:15–17, Mark 4:12, Luke 8:10, Acts 28:27). If the New Testament was an elaborate fabrication according to the Jews, then it would be the biggest hoax in human history.
John 4:24 “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.”
How large of an collusion would this be? Can a person honestly say that if a person truly didn’t believe what they heard and saw everything the New Testament tells us? Would they be willing to be subjected to torture and dying horrible deaths? Almost all of the apostles died tragically.
Peter was crucified upside-down in Rome. According to the book of Acts, Nero condemned Paul to death by decapitation. Luke was hanged as a result of his tremendous preaching to the lost. It’s said that John’s was arrested in Ephesus and faced martyrdom when he was thrown into a huge basin of boiling oil but was delivered from death later dying of old age etc.
None of them recanted their faith in Christ against such hateful persecution. If it was a lie why would any of them endure such pain and agony? Would you die for a lie, would multiple people be willing to die for a lie? I say no! Any true believer would die for the testimony of the Lord Jesus Christ and that alone speaks volumes. But I digress.
Isaiah 61:1 “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;”
The Future Messiah
Jewish view: The Hebrew word “HaMashiach” (lit. the Messiah) describing a future anointed person to come does not appear anywhere in the Bible. Since the Bible makes no explicit reference to the Messiah, it is unlikely that it could be considered the most important concept in the Bible. Indeed, in Jewish thought, the Messianic idea is not the most crucial. However, in Christian thought, the Messiah is paramount- a difficulty in light of its conspicuous absence from scripture.
Christian view: The Jews say according to the Hebrew scriptures there’s never foreseen a future anointed coming, but this is not so according to the same scriptures by the prophet Daniel (Daniel 9:24–27).
Daniel 9:24–27 “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.”
We then see the fulfilment of those scriptures in the verses of Daniel it talks about “…since the commandment, restoring Jerusalem unto the Messiah…shall the Messiah be cut off”. That speaks to the text of the New Testament of the Lord Jesus and how the Jews rejected and crucified Him. It then goes on to mention how the abomination the antichrist will cause the sacrifices to cease.
The New Testament in the gospel of Matthew and Mark mention in the tribulation period when the abomination of desolation stands in the Holy place that they who are in Judea shall flee in the mountains. And we see in Galatians speaking of the fulness of time and the Son of God sent into the world.
Matthew 24:15, 16 “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains:”
Mark 13:14, 15 “But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains: And let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of his house:”
Galatians 4:4 “But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,”
Future age of perfection
Jewish view: Where does the Jewish concept of Messiah come from? One of the central themes of Biblical prophecy is the promise of a future age of perfection characterized by universal peace and recognition of God. Isaiah 2:1–4; Zephaniah 3:9; Hosea 2:20–22; Amos 9:13–15; Isaiah 32:15–18, 60:15–18; Micah 4:1–4; Zechariah 8:23, 14:9; Jeremiah 31:33–34.
Christians view: The children of Israel are going to be in prime position to be deceived by the antichrist once he arrives. Judaism’s concept of the Messiah is they believe that a perfect utopia will be brought in, no wars, world peace etc.
We agree wholeheartedly that we shall see “universal peace and recognition of God”, where we differ is when peace ushered in. Remembering that satan loves to counterfeit the antichrist will be a world ruler and bring in “world peace” or seemingly making a peace treaty with Israel. This will take place before the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Jews say that the Messiah is to come once and establish “universal peace” the problem with that view is this, how can the Jewish people stand before God in sin? God hates sin and will not have sin in His presence. When Moses asked God: “shew me thy ways shew me thy glory”. The response he received was:
Exodus 33:20–23 “And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live. And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock: And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by: And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.”
God has repeatedly told the nation of Israel how Holy He is and we see that they were told not to touch the mountain (Exodus 19:13). in 2 Samuel when the ark of the covenant was being brought out of the house of Abinadab, Uzzah placed his hand on the ark and died (2 Samuel 6:3–7). Time and time again we see man is sinful and cannot approach a most Holy God.
Therein lies why God sent His Son the Lord Jesus. God created man (Adam) and had fellowship with man before the fall in the garden. God desires to have that fellowship again but man in his current state cannot be in God’s presence because of our sin. Jesus Christ being born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14, Matthew 1:18–25, Luke 1:26–33) taking on the seed of Abraham (Hebrews 2:16), being both fully man and fully God was the only one who was without sin (2 Corinthians 5:21, Hebrews 7:26) and able to keep the law perfectly.
Matthew 5:17 “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.”
God needed to deal with our sin problem first, that’s why Christ had to die for us as a ransom sacrifice to atone for our sins. Otherwise, we cannot stand before God.
Descendant of king David
Jewish view: Many of these prophetic passages speak of a descendant of King David who will rule Israel during the age of perfection. Isaiah 11:1–9; Jeremiah 23:5–6, 30:7–10, 33:14–16; Ezekiel 34:11–31, 37:21–28; Hosea 3:4–5.
Christian view: we agree the Messiah is a descendant of king David, we can trace the Lord Jesus lineage which is of king David. Matthew being born a Jew immediately opens his gospel with Christ lineage stemming from king David in contradistinction to the opposition from the Jews (Matthew 1:1–17).
The key is “the age of perfection” will be ruled by the Lord Jesus Christ after His second coming there’s a new heaven and new Earth (Isaiah 65:17–25, Revelation 21:1–9).
Revelation 21:4 “And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.”
King of Israel
Jewish view: Since every King is a Messiah, by convention, we refer to this future anointed one as The Messiah. The above is the only description in the Bible of a Davidic descendant who is to come in the future. We will recognize the Messiah by seeing who the King of Israel is at the time of complete universal perfection.
Christian view: Pontius Pilate after interrogating Christ in the judgement hall when the Jewish people covenanted with Judas Iscariot for 30 pieces of silver. He (Pilate) gave the Jews an opportunity to set Jesus Christ free but they delivered Him up to be crucified as they asked for a murderer Barabbas instead.
John 19:15 “But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.”
Pilate wrote a title on the cross placing it above Jesus’s head “JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.” This written statement caused the chief priests to asked for it to be changed and Pilate answering “What I have written I have written” — John 19:22.
There’s a beautiful spiritual truth to this in the Torah concerning Moses who orthodox Jews affirm greatly. Moses was a picture of Christ Jesus, as a deliverer, he brought the nation out of the hard bondage they suffered for 400 years. Christ is the true deliverer of those in bondage to sin setting them free from the burden of sin.
John 8:36 “If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.”
In Exodus, we have the account of Moses smiting the Egyptian after seeing his brethren being beaten he killed the Egyptian and buried him in the sand. The following day two of his brethren (Jews) were fighting and he tried to stop it and one of the men said:
Exodus 2:14 “And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.”
The Jews did the same to the Lord Jesus, the gospel of Luke gives us an account of this (Luke 19:14). The Psalmist writes “The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner.” — Psalm 118:22.
The gospel of Matthew wrote quoting Jesus Christ “Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?” — Matthew 21:42.
The gospel of Mark also captures this same scripture “And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:” — Mark 12:10.
Isaiah 8:14 “And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.”
Belief in the Messiah
Jewish view: The Bible never speaks about believing in the Messiah. Because his reign will be an historically verifiable reality, self-evident to any person, it won’t require belief or faith.
Christian view: The Old Testament scriptures are a shadow of things to come (Hebrews 10:1), they are full of truth about the Lord Jesus Christ. When the children of Israel sinned in the wilderness the LORD sent fiery serpents. Moses was instructed to place a fiery serpent upon a pole that those who look upon it shall live.
Numbers 21:6–9 “And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died. Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people. And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live. And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.”
This alone proves the children of Israel needed to trust in God that they would be healed from the venomous bites. It also shows a truth of salvation, while the account of the fiery serpents wasn’t true salvation but temporary healing. Eternal life only comes by trusting in Jesus Christ.
Hebrews 10:1 “For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.”
In the gospel of John he records two times in which The Lord Jesus refers to this account with Moses. The first is with Nicodemus the Pharisee, and the other between the people in the temple.
John 3:9-15 “Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be? Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen; and ye receive not our witness. If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things? And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.”
John 12:28–36 “Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him. Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes. Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said, signifying what death he should die. The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man? Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.”
Fulfilment of the scriptures
Jewish view: Because no person has ever fulfilled the picture painted in the Bible of this future King, Jewish people still await the coming of the Messiah. All past Messianic claimants, including Jesus of Nazareth, Bar Cochba and Shabbtai Tzvi have been rejected.
Christian view: We see how both the Old Testament (Torah) and the New Testament agree and affirm these truths believers in the Lord Jesus have known and hold dear. Just because the Jews who are stuff necked people as the Bible correctly labels them. They continue to this day to reject their Messiah how sad that Gentiles are willing to trust in the Son of God before God’s chosen nation.
Exodus 32:9 “And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people:”
Exodus 33:3 “Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way.”
Exodus 33:5 “For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee.”
Exodus 34:9 “And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance.”
Deuteronomy 9:6 “Understand therefore, that the LORD thy God giveth thee not this good land to possess it for thy righteousness; for thou art a stiffnecked people.”
Deuteronomy 9:13 “Furthermore the LORD spake unto me, saying, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people:”
Jewish view: The claim that Jesus will fulfill the Messianic prophesies when he returns does not give him any credibility for his “first” coming. The Bible never speaks about the Messiah returning after an initial appearance. The “second coming” theory is a desperate attempt to explain away Jesus’ failure. The Biblical passages which Christians are forced to regard as second coming (#5 above) don’t speak of someone returning, they have a “first coming” perspective.
Christian view: Actually God spoke wonderfully through all of His word both Old and New Testaments, the Old Testament was the bringing in of sin into the world the “sin of man”. The New Testament concludes the redemptive work of God as He dealt with man’s sin at the cross and we end the scriptures dealing with the “man of sin” the antichrist.
Elijah the prophet
Jewish view: According to Biblical tradition, Elijah the prophet will reappear before the coming of the Messiah (Malachi 4:5–6). In the Greek Testament, Jesus claims that John the Baptist was Elijah (Matthew 11:13–14, 17:10–13). However, when John the Baptist was asked if he was Elijah, he denied it (John 1:21). The Gospel of Luke 1:17 tries to get around this problem by claiming that John the Baptist came in the spirit of Elijah.
Christian view: Jews lack the understanding the Lord Jesus gave in regards to the coming of Elijah when speaking of John the Baptist. The sending of Elijah in Malachi is not that Elijah is going to be resurrected. The verse in Malachi “Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:” means that one will come in the likeness of Elijah with the same zeal, the same fire. The reason why John the Baptist denied he was Elijah is the Jews are always seeking a sign, thinking Elijah was physically going to be resurrected.
Moses said in the book of Deuteronomy when speaking of a prophet being raised up from among the midst of the brethren. Are we to now say that the prophet that was going to be raised up was Moses himself or someone who resembled him?
Deuteronomy 18:15 “The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken;”
John the Baptist had the same zealousness as Elijah as he was calling the nation of Israel to repentance (נָחַם nâcham). Therefore the Lord Jesus said this speaking of the prophecy of Elias.
Matthew 17:12 “But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them.”
Matthew 12:39 “But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:”
1 Corinthians 1:22 “For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom:”
Jewish view: The prophesy about the return of Elijah says that he would restore the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers. There is no evidence that John the Baptist accomplished this.
Christian view: John the Baptist did, in fact, turn multitudes to God, so much so that after John was beheaded by king Herod; he was afraid that John had risen from the dead. The text doesn’t say that every single Jew would believe. Additionally, the Jews fail to realise that the 144,000, 12,000 from each tribe of the children of Israel will be used by God in the tribulation to preach the Word. Bringing multitudes to Christ in those times, this is still to come to past.
Revelation 7:4–8 “And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel. Of the tribe of Juda were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Reuben were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Gad were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Aser were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Nepthalim were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Manasses were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Simeon were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Levi were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Zabulon were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Joseph were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand.”
Descendent of King David
Jewish view: According to the Jewish Bible, the Messiah must be a descendent of King David. (Jeremiah 23:5, 33:17; Ezekiel 34:23–24) Although the Greek Testament traces the genealogy of Joseph (husband of Mary) back to David, it then claims that Jesus resulted from a virgin birth, and, that Joseph was not his father. (Mat. 1:18–23) In response, it is claimed that Joseph adopted Jesus, and passed on his genealogy via adoption.
Christian view: In these passages noted from Jeremiah 23:5, 33:17 and Ezekiel 34:23–24 speak of a Righteous branch which is a name for the Lord Jesus. It also speaks of a shepherd another name for Jesus He being the Chief Shepherd (Psalms 23, Isaiah 40:11, Isaiah 63:11, 1 Peter 5:4).
The scriptures say that the Messiah would be greater than king David according to David himself as he wrote in the book of Psalms. David even says Jesus Christ is his Lord. Also, the Pharisees were asked this very same question regarding David. As for Mary, the Old Testament speaks of the seed of a woman bruising the head of the serpent.
Psalm 110:1,4 “The Lord says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.” The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, “You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.””
Matthew 22:41–45 “While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?”
Genesis 3:15 “And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.”
Also, the Lord Jesus in regards to His priesthood is not made in the likeness of men, it’s not from the line of Aaron. No Jesus Christ has a never-ending priesthood in the order of Melchizedek.
11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?
12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.
13 For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar.
14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.
15 And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest,
16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.
17 For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
18 For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.
19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God.
20 And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest:
21 (For those priests were made without an oath; but this with an oath by him that said unto him, The Lord sware and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec:)
22 By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
23 And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death:
24 But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood.
25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.
26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.
28 For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.
Judaism is a world religion and according to their own righteousness try to keep the law. Problem is that they nor neither anyone else is perfect, therefore, they’re unable to keep the law. There aren’t any Jews sacrificing animals which the law requires for the atonement of sin, they’ve committed Idolatry in the past (golden calf) and not all but a large portion of Jews tend to have their heart in making money.
They’ve also been born in sin just as we all have, what do the scriptures say concerning sin Jew and Gentile alike.
Hosea 4:1, 2 “Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land. By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.”
Romans 3:23 “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;”
Romans 5:12 “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:”
The Jews need salvation as well, this is an invitation to put down your own self-righteousness and come to God as a guilty sinner. Place your trust in His Son the Lord Jesus Christ your Mashiach.
Jeremiah 31:31 “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:”
Matthew 26:28 “For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.”
Don’t be left outside of the door knocking, repent and turn to God, neither is salvation in any other for there is no name given under heaven whereby you must be saved (Acts 4:12)!
14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:
15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.
16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;
17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:
21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:
23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
25 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:
26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope:
27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.
29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.
30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;
31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.
32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.